SUBSTITUTIONS AND YIELDS

Did you ever find out that you were out of a certain ingredient, right in the middle of preparing a recipe? Need something to substitute, fast? Do you need to know how much of a fruit or vegetable equals a cup or a pint? This page is here to help you!

EMERGENCY SUBSTITUTIONS

REQUIREMENT AMOUNT SUBSTITUTION
Baking Powder 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon baking soda + 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
Balsamic Vinegar 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon sherry or cider vinegar
Beer 1 cup 1 cup non-alcoholic beer, apple cider or beef broth
Bread Crumbs, dry 1/4 cup 1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs, corn flakes, or quick-cooking or old-fashioned oats
Brown Sugar, packed 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar
Broth, beef, chicken or vegetable 1 cup 1 teaspoon boullion granules (beef, chicken or vegetable), or 1 cube, dissolved in 1 cup boiling water
Bulgar, cooked 1 cup 1 cup cooked rice or couscous
Butter Any amount Margarine (Fleishman's recommended for diabetics)
Buttermilk, or sour milk 1 cup 1 tablespoon lemon juice or white vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup. (Let stand a few minutes). Or use 1 cup plain yogurt.
Chococlate, semisweet baking 1 ounce 1 ounce unsweetened baking chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Chocolate, semisweet chips 1 cup 6 ounces semisweet baking chocolate, chopped
Chocolate, unsweetened, baking 1 ounce 3 tablespoons baking cocoa plus 1 tablespoon shortening or margarine
Cornstarch 1 tablespoon 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 4 teaspoons quick-cooking tapioca
Corn Syrup, light 1 cup 1 cup sugar plus 1/4 up water
Corn Syrup, dark 1 cup 1 cup light corn syrup; or 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup mollases; or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup
Eggs 1 large 2 egg whites; or 1/4 cup cholesterol-free egg products; or 2 eggs yolks (for custards and puddings): or 2 egg yolks plus 1 tablespoon water (for cookies and bars
Flour, all-purpose 1 cup 1 cup plus 2 tablespoons of cake flour
Flour, cake 1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour
Flour,self-rising 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1/2 teaspoon baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
Garlic, finely chopped 1 medium clove 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder; or 1/4 teaspoon instant amionced garlic
Gingerroot, grated or finely chopped 1 teaspoon 3/4 teaspoon ground ginger
Herbs, fresh chopped 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1-1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup water of apple juice
Jicama, chopped 1/2 cup 1/2 cup chopped water chestnuts
Leeks, sliced 1/2 cup 1/2 cup sliced shallots or green onions
Lemon Juice, fresh 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon bottled lemon juice from concentrate, or white vinegar
Milk, regular or low-fat 1 cup 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water; or nonfat dry milk prepared as directed on package
Mustard, prepared 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon ground mustard (dry)
Poultry Seasoning 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon ground thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon ground sage
Pumpkin or Apple Pie Spice 1 teaspoon Mix together 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger, 1/89 teaspoon ground allspice and 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
Raisins 1/2 cup 1/2 cup currants, dried cherries, dried cranberries, chopped dates, or chopped prunes
Red Pepper Sauce 3-4 drops 1/8 teaspoon ground red pepper (cayenne)
Sesame Seeds 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon very finely chopped blanched almonds
Tomato Juice 1 cup 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
Tomato Paste 1/2 cup 1 cup tomato sauce cooked uncovered until reduced to 1/2 cup
Tomato Sauce 2 cups 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
Tomatoes, canned 1 cup Aboput 1-1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes, simmered 10 minutes
Wine, red 1 cup 1 cup non-alcoholic wine, applie cider, beef broth, tomato juice, or water
Wine, white 1 cup 1 cup non-alcoholic wine, white grape juice, apple juice, chicken broth, or water
Yeast, regular or quick active dry 1 package (1/4 ounce) 2-1/4 teaspoons regular or quick active dry or 1 package (0.6 ounces) compressed cake yeast
Yogurt, plain 1 cup 1 cup sour cream


FOOD YIELDS AND EQUIVALENTS

FOODSIF YOUR RECIPE STATESYOU WILL NEED APPROX.
Apples1 cup chopped
1 pound
1 medium (6 ounces)
3 medium
Apricots, dried1 cup5 ounces
Asparagus16-20 stalks1 pound
Bacon1/2 cup crumbled8 slices, cooked
Bananas1 cup skliced
1 cup mashed
1 medium, 2 small
2 medium
Beans, dried5-6 cups cooked1 pound dried (2-1/4 cups)
Beans, green3 cups 1" pieces1 pound
bread1 cup soft crumbs
1 cup dry crumbs
1-1/2 slices
4-5 slices oven-dried
Broccoli2 cups 1" flowerets6 ounces
Cabbage1 medium head
4 cups shredded
1-1/2 pounds
1 pound
Carrots1 cup shredded
1 cup sliced
1-1/2 medium
2 medium
Celery1 cup,chopped2 medium stalks
CheeseHard,shredded
Cottage
Cream
4 ounces
16 ounces
8 ounces
Chocolate Chips1 cup6 ounces
Coconut1-1/3 cups shredded3 ounces
Corn1 cup kernels2 medium ears
Crabmeat3/4-1 cup flaked1 pound raw in shells
Cranberries4 cups1 pound
Cucumber1 cup chopped3/4 medium
Dates1 cup chopped6 ounces
Eggplant1 medium
2 cups chunks
1-1/2 pounds
12 ounces
Eggs, large1 cup4 large eggs
Eggwhites1 cup7-8 large eggs, separated
Garlic1/2 teaspoon, minced1 medium clove
Leeks2 cups, sliced1 medium
Lemon, Lime2-3 teaspoons juice
2-3 teaspoons peel
1 medium
1 medium
Lettuce1 medium head
2 cups shredded
6 cups pieces
1-1/2 pounds
5 ounces
1 pound
Melons2 cups chunks1 pound
Mushrooms6 cups sliced1 pound
Nuts1 cup chopped
3-4 cups halves
4 ounces
1 pound
Onions, green2 tablespoons chopped
1/4 cup sliced
2 medium
3-4 medium
Onions, white1/2 cup chopped1 medium
Orange1/2 cup juice
2 tablespoons peel
1 medium
1 medium
Pasta4 cups cooked8 ounces uncooked
Peaches, pears or plums2 cups sliced3 medium(1 lb)
Peas, green1 cup shelled1 pound in pod
Peppers1/2 cup chopped
1 cup chopped
1 small
1 medium
Pineapple4 cups cubed1 medium (3 lbs.)
Potatoes10-12 small
1 medium
1 cup pieces
1-1/2 pounds
5-6 ounces
1 medium
Rice3 cups cooked1 cup uncooked
Shrimp:raw
---jumbo
---large
---medium
---small
.
1 pound
1 pound
1 pound
1 pound
.
10-12 count
15-20 count
26-30 count
40-50 count
Shrimp1 pound cooked1-1/3 pounds raw
Spinach4 cups leaves6 ounces
Squash2 cups sliced1 medium
Strawberries4 cups sliced1 quart
Tomatoes1 cup chopped1 large
Turnips1 cup pieces1 medium
Zucchini2 cups chopped1 medium

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Equivalencies Substitutions & Yields
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Fish and Shellfish Cheeses of the World
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Copyright 2001 Carol Stevens, Shaboom's Kitchen, All Rights Reserved